Cupertino [The city is named in the United States State of California ˌ the city of Santa Clara County, California, with about 60,000 inhabitants. It is located to the west of San José, the county headquarters and to the south of Sunnyvale and San Francisco Bay. The city was named after the Italian monk and sacred Josef of Copertino, whose name derives from his birthplace Copertino in Italy.
|Situation in California|
|County:||Santa Clara County|
|Time zone:||Pacific (UTC-8/-7)|
|inhabitants:||64,220 (status: 2019)|
|population density:||2,269.3 inhabitants per km2|
|area:||28.3 km2 (approx. 11 mi2)|
|ZIP/postal Codes:||95014, 95015|
|area code:||+1 408|
|Mayor:||Steven Scharf (2019-2020)|
Apple Headquarters, 1 Infinite Loop
Cupertino is known for the headquarters of Apple, the US technology company.
Cupertino is located in the so-called Silicon Valley. To the east it borders San José and Santa Clara. To the north you will find the towns Sunnyvale and Mountain View. To the west are some parks, such as Stevens Creek Country Park or Rancho San Antonio.
Cupertino has about 265 sunny days and 61 rainy days throughout the year. Snow is very rare. The warmest month is August at about 20 °C and the coldest month of December at 10 °C. The annual rainfall is 159.5 mm and is highest in February with an average of 39.4 mm. There are only arid months. Cupertino is located in the subtropics.
Some 52% of Cupertino's jobs are in manufacturing (26.2%) and technical and scientific fields (26.3%). A small share of 7.3% also exists in the field of education.
Apple is by far the largest employer in Cupertino, and this will be reinforced by the Apple Park, which opened in April 2017. Other computer technology companies, such as Trend Micro or Zend Technologies (formerly Symantec), are based in Cupertino; Seagate Technology, an Irish manufacturer of hard drives, is also headquartered in the UK. Many start-ups in the technology industry are also to be found in Cupertino.
The unemployment rate is 2.5% (the US average is 3.9%).
Due to the many electronics companies in Cupertino, the city has a growing commuter problem. More and more commuters come to Cupertino by car, train or bus. The construction of a hyperloop is intended to solve this problem by providing passengers with a high-speed train running through an almost empty tube at up to 1223 km/h. From San José, Cupertino is to be reached within five minutes. A precise plan for the construction has not yet been determined. Preliminary talks are currently under way.
Cupertino was first mentioned in 1776 when the Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza was commissioned to build a fortress in San Francisco Bay. During his explorations in the Santa Clara Valley, he encountered a stream that he gave the name of Arroyo San Jose de Cupertino (today Stevens Creek). The Spaniards founded a small settlement which was later taken over by Mexico and the USA after the Mexico-America War in 1848. In 1880 the Cupertino Wine Co. was founded by John T. Doyle was founded by the name of a bay at Pedro Font. In 1904 the name "Cupertino" u. a. for the post office.
The cultivation of grapes in Cupertino has been very popular since the 1880s. In 1895, the Phylloxera vine destroyed almost the entire crop (75%) in just five years. Many settlers then cultivated other kinds of fruit such as peaches, apricots, cherries or walnuts and almonds. As a result, the Santa Clara Valley became known for its spring flowering sea and encouraged the construction of a railroad for tourists, who would later arrive by car. The first house named "Monta Vista" was built in the Cupertino area, which became "Valley of Hearts Delight" (German: "Valley of the Pleasant Heart").
Cupertino was founded from some villages in 1940 due to the post-war population explosion. Cupertino was officially launched on the 13th. City in Santa Clara on October 10, 1955.
Another important milestone in the history of Cupertino was the creation of the VALLCO Industrial and Economic Park, which was founded in 1960 by the 17 largest landowners. The park was named after the founding members Varian Associates and the families Leonard, Lester, Craft and Orlando. Later, the business park developed into a shopping center. However, wine growing still played a major role in the Cupertino area. Then De Anza College was opened by the Spanish cartographer of the same name in 1967. The school took over the property of one of the greatest winemakers Charles and Ella Baldwin, whose villa was the historic center of Cupertino. With more than 20,000 students, the college brought a lot of activity to the city.
In 1977, Apple Computer Inc. also established itself in Cupertino after the Silicon Valley had spread to Cupertino and the Valley of Hearts Delight. It originated in Apple Park, near Homestead High School, which was formerly visited by founder Steve Jobs. Other technology companies, such as Portal Software, NetManage Inc. or Symantec, also started working in Cupertino.
Today in Cupertino many of the old rural houses were replaced by shopping centers. Night life usually takes place at the border with San José, which had been expanding in the Silicon Valley during the post-war period. Cupertino is a modern city, with still many companies in the field of technology and some start-ups. Being headquartered in Cupertino brings benefits to entrepreneurs. Among other things, it is very attractive for the staff, because they can live well in the Cupertino area because of the good infrastructure, green spaces and good schools.
In May 2016, Cupertinos, then Mayor, Barry Chang, complained about the lack of tax revenue to finance the increased costs of maintaining and developing urban infrastructure. The increase in traffic combined with the frequent tax avoidance models is leading to an increasing crisis.
- De Anza College
- Cupertino High School
Partner cities of Cupertinos are
- Copertino, Italy
- Hsinchu, Taiwan
- Toyokawa, Japan
- Mysore, India
Friendly relations with cities
- Guro-gu (Seoul), South Korea
- Luoyang, Qingdao, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Suzhou, Wuhan and Zhaoqing in the People's Republic of China.
- Yilan, Taiwan
Born in Cupertino
- Bryan Mantia (* 1963), drummer
- Aaron Eckhart (* 1968), actor
- Leah Thomas (* 1989), cyclist